Stimulants Addictive and Dangerous Psychoactive Drugs
When referring to stimulants, we are talking about a specific category of drugs that enhance and elevate a person's mood and emotional feelings. Feelings of well-being are increased as well as energy levels and mental alertness. Stimulants are also referred to as 'uppers' which helps the individual in need to increase their mental and physical energy.
We all have times in our life when we feel down, fatigued, and blah. This is normal emotional behavior. Many people due to serious chronic depression, attention deficit disorder or narcolepsy (uncontrollable sleep disorder) need to be prescribed by their physician's stimulant medications due to these medical conditions.
Sometimes these medical symptoms are debilitating and the individual loses their quality of life. There are many other reasons a doctor may find it necessary to prescribe stimulant drugs for their patients and when stimulants are taken in moderation as prescribed they are a very necessary and successful treatment.
Many prescription stimulants are regulated under the Controlled Substance Act and are used legitimately prescribed for the medical treatment of the disorders mentioned above as well as others. Stimulants are also found in non-prescription over the counter medications. Some of the beverages we drink such as some soft drinks contain stimulants and caffeine which is found in coffee and tea does too. Stimulants are also found in tobacco products which most people don't realize. Stimulants are also found in medications and drugs for the treatment of obesity to reduce appetites.
There are other reasons stimulants are used in the United States and throughout other parts of the world that doesn't include legitimate medical treatment. Thousands of people every day abuse stimulant drugs to experience a 'high' or a 'rush'. Many drug users abuse stimulants not only for the intense stimulation but because they can stay awake for long periods of time.
In this news report college students admit to abusing Adderall to help them stay awake and study. These students are getting the Adderall from other students and have not been diagnosed with ADD or ADHD. The scary thing is these students don't know or don't care about the dangerous side effects to abusing this stimulant drug.
Stimulant Drug Abuse
Stimulants are very addictive and if an individual chooses to abuse them, they face the risk of physical side effects as well as dependency and addiction. Stimulants are extremely easy to find also, many stimulant drugs are manufactured in clandestine illegal labs and sold on the illicit drug market. Those who abuse stimulants take them orally, snort them, smoke them or inject them.
When stimulants are abused by smoking them, snorting or injecting them they experience a sudden 'rush' or 'flash'. This type of experience most of the time comes from 'binge abuse', this is when the stimulant user consumes large quantities in a short period of time. For example many heavy stimulant users inject these drugs every couple of hours until their stimulant supply is gone or until the euphoric high they're looking for is received. At this point they feel delirious, psychosis and physically exhausted.
As we all know, what goes up must come down. If an individual is dependent on stimulants and a heavy user after binge type episodes of abuse or abruptly stopping abuse there is a 'down side'. Depression, drug cravings, anxiety and extreme fatigue set in and this is referred to as a 'crash'. The feelings and sensations experienced during the 'crash' are uncomfortable so many stimulant users need to repeat the abuse again.
Stimulant Drug Examples
Methamphetamine is extremely addictive and is considered a stimulant drug. This drug is smoked, injected, or inhaled orally. On the streets Methamphetamine is referred to as speed, meth, and chalk. The crystal form of meth when inhaling the drug by smoking it is referred to as; ice, crystal, glass and Tina on the streets.
Methamphetamine reacts in the brain creating pleasurable feelings, high energy and elevates a person's mood. Addiction to methamphetamine happens fast and tolerance requires the meth user to increase their drug use in a short period of time usually creating chronic abuse of methamphetamine. Mental disorders, loss of memory and major and severe dental problems are related to long term or chronic abuse of methamphetamine.
Ecstasy is also referred to as MDMA and is a man-made psychoactive stimulant drug very similar to methamphetamine and some hallucinogens. Ecstasy or MDMA abusers experience increased energy levels, euphoria, passion feelings of warmth, and distorts time, perception and awareness.
The effects of Ecstasy abuse are; confusion, depression, problems sleeping, drug craving and severe anxiety. Chronic users of MDMA can impair the user's memory especially if other drugs have been abused as well. Ecstasy can be addictive and withdrawal symptoms experienced with MDMA use includes; fatigue, appetite loss, depression, impaired concentration. Abusing high doses of Ecstasy damages a person's ability to regulate their own body temperature. This is extremely serious and dangerous; this can lead to organ damage, hyperthermia and possible death.
Ritalin is the trade name for a prescription drug called Methylphenidate and is a Central Nervous System stimulant. This stimulant is prescribed for the treatment of ADD and ADHD. These are attention deficit disorders and children are usually the ones who receive Ritalin or Methylphenidate as treatment in managing this disorder.
Ritalin effects include; loss of appetite, alertness, and increased focus. People abuse Ritalin in high doses to receive these feelings as well as euphoria and increased attentiveness. Abusers generally swallow the tablets, crush them and snort the powder or dissolve the tablets in water and inject the mixture. The stimulant Ritalin is known on the streets as; kibbles and bits, kiddy cocaine, pineapple, Skippy, smarty’s, vitamin R, west coast, crackers, one and ones, Ritz and Ts, set, and Ts and Rs.
- Herbal Ecstasy-Ephedrine
Herbal ecstasy is made from a mixture of herbs that can be easily found throughout the country. This inexpensive mixture of herbs that is sold in some music stores as well as other stores is sold for its natural high.
Ephedrine comes from the Ephedra sinica plant and can be produced synthetically also. Ephedrine can be used as a stimulant or appetite suppressant as well. Abusing Herbal Ecstasy combined with Ephedrine can cause; elevated heart rate and blood pressure. Seizures, heart attacks, strokes and death can occur. Herbal ecstasy is taken orally and goes by; Herbal Ecstasy, cloud 9, rave energy, ultimate, Xphoria, and X on the streets.
- Cocaine and Crack
Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant drug and widely abused by many. Crack is produced by processing cocaine in a specific way and is an addictive stimulant drug when the crack user smokes it. Drug users; snort, inject or smoke cocaine when they abuse this illegal drug. Not only is cocaine and crack highly addictive but there are many risks and dangers associated with this stimulant drug abuse.
Heart attacks and strokes are very serious health problems and they are risks the cocaine abuser faces when abusing this stimulant drug. Cocaine users have also died due to abusing this stimulant because of seizures, cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest. When a cocaine user mixes this drug with other drugs and substances they increase their chance of death.
It has been found that when a cocaine user mixes this drug with alcohol their liver produces a chemical called Cocaethylene. This chemical just magnifies the euphoric effects of the cocaine. This combination of abuse poses an even higher risk of 'sudden death' to the cocaine user.
Stimulant Abuse Treatment
Listed above are just a few of the stimulant drugs that are abused throughout the United States and other parts of the world. The dangers and risks involved with stimulant drug use vary from one stimulant drug to another. One thing is for sure, in the wrong combination or chronic abuse, not only can stimulant use be addictive but also deadly.
There is treatment for stimulant drug addiction and dependency and it's available no matter where you live. Many times Behavioral interventions like cognitive behavioral are necessary and effective and decrease the chance of relapse while working toward recovery. Support groups or therapy combined with substance abuse treatment has helped thousands of addicts change their lives around and start 'living again' instead of just existing and possibly waiting to die.
Stimulants Detox and Treatment
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