Adderall is a stimulant medication with dextroamphetamine sacharate, dextroamphetamine sulfate, amphetamine aspartate monohydrate, USP and amphetamine sulfate USP as its primary ingredients.
It has a number of inactive ingredients as well, and comes in a gelatin capsule form.
Adderall is a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, and this combination together is used for the treatment of ADHD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, a disorder that entails having difficulty focusing, remaining still or controlling action in comparison to other people in the same age group. ADHD is especially common among children, but it is also present in some adults, especially those who experienced it in childhood and were not able to treat it over time.
Unfortunately because of the focus-creating capabilities of Adderall, this drug is highly abused for a number of different reasons. The primary three ways that Adderall is abused are as a study drug, as a party drug and as a weight loss drug. As a study drug, Adderall is commonly referred to as a cognitive steroid or college crack. Students commonly take this and other ADHD medications because it allows them to concentrate more easily for lengthy periods of time, and it also creates a level of focus in classes and on exams that rivals what can be achieved without the drug.
As a party drug, people take advantage of the dextroamphetamine in the Adderall, which gives the users a feeling of positive well-being, enhanced libido and confidence. Adderall also makes it possible for people to go long periods of time without requiring sleep. One side effect of taking Adderall is suppression of appetite in many circumstances, and as such, many people take Adderall as if it were a weight loss medication, especially younger women that are looking to lose some weight without a lot of effort.
The most abuse of Adderall is actually done by people that have never received a prescription for the medication, as it can be purchased illegally on the street. Abuse and addiction to Adderall is much more common in people using it for off-label reasons than the people who have legitimate prescriptions for this medication. Some people take Adderall addiction to the next level, crushing the pills into a powder and snorting it through the nose in an attempt to feel its effects more quickly, which can bring about a whole new list of side effects and potential health problems including a dangerous increase in the heart rate as well as blood pressure and body temperature changes that can be extremely dangerous.
Adderall Withdrawal Symptoms
When Adderall is taken in high doses or taken on a consistent basis and then stopped cold turkey, it can create a number of withdrawal symptoms which can be harsh and difficult to deal with without proper treatment. Adderall withdrawal symptoms are not life-threatening in and of themselves, but they can be very uncomfortable and very difficult to deal with, making it difficult to simply quit taking the drug.
The three most common withdrawal symptoms following quitting Adderall include extreme feelings of fatigue, extreme depression and changes in the natural rhythm of the heart. Abusing Adderall can cause a number of side effects including:
- Sleeping Difficulties
- Hostile Feelings
- Paranoid Feelings
- Anxious Feelings
- Unhealthy Weight Loss
Withdrawal symptoms can actually be so intense following quitting the Adderall that many people go back to taking the drug just to alleviate the symptoms.
Adderall Abuse Treatment Options
Treating an Adderall addiction is vitally essential, especially when you consider that Adderall abuse can quickly lead into other drug addictions and abuse problems over time. The best way to overcome the addiction is by checking oneself into a drug rehab facility that is specifically well versed in treating prescription drug addiction and abuse problems. They will offer the staffing and the tools to handle both the physical and emotional aspects of the addiction or Adderall abuse.
The physical aspect of overcoming an Adderall addiction has to do with detoxifying the body slowly, removing the drug from the body so that you no longer experience withdrawal symptoms. Once the physical addiction is conquered, the next step is to tackle the emotional aspect of the addiction, especially through cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT, which involves changing the thinking of the person so that they no longer depend emotionally upon the drug for support. Both the physical detox and the emotional rehabilitation are essential parts of ensuring that the person does not relapse and start abusing Adderall again.