When the average person thinks about addiction, we think about drugs, alcohol, tobacco, and maybe shopping. I never realized that there were so many forms of addiction that people suffer from. There are also disorders that people suffer from that I was unaware of. These addictions and disorders may seem odd to us but they are very real to those that suffer from them.
When a person is addicted to drugs or alcohol they're chemically addicted. Addiction when referring to substances like drugs and alcohol is a disease that affects your brain and your behavior. Continued use of most substances can cause tolerance, dependency and addiction. Drug or alcohol dependency is also associated with withdrawal symptoms.
Some people suffer from just mental addictions though. They don't chemically crave for example cosmetic surgery but they do mentally obsess over it and can become depressed or anxious if they're unable to have it done. Some people like Michael Jackson are obsessed and possibly mentally addicted to cosmetic surgery and take it too far. Some people take cosmetic surgery to extreme and mentally obsess over procedures they compulsively want to have done.
Obsession medically speaking is a persistent preoccupation of a feeling or idea which is accompanied by anxiety. Many people are obsessed with online gaming, body building and text messaging which I hadn't thought about before.
Workaholics are people who are addicted to working. They're obsessed with work and when they're not working, they're irritable and restless. They have a hard time relaxing and finding enjoyment in activities that aren't work related. Workaholics spend more time than necessary working and many times this compulsive work behavior affects their health and relationships. Many workaholics have better communication with people from work than with their families and friends.
The questions below don't necessarily mean you're a workaholic or addicted to work but if you can relate to many of them, this may indicate workaholic tendencies.
- When you're not working, do you have feelings of guilt?
- Do you have a hard time enjoying yourself when you're on vacation away from work?
- Are you able to connect and communicate with people from work better than family and friends?
- Do you feel tension when you work?
- If activities aren't work related, do you have a hard time involving yourself in them?
- Times when you could be relaxing do you find yourself at work instead?
- Do you prioritize being at work above being anywhere else?
Pica is described as a medical condition that's associated with persistent and continuous eating of non-food materials. Individuals that suffer from pica disorder crave and eat non-food related items. There are many items people suffering from Pica eat. Those who do suffer from Pica crave these non-food substances and some of them are poisonous.
Who suffers from Pica?
No one knows for sure why people crave some of these non-food substances. Infants and young toddlers are just curious; everything goes into the mouth at that age. Some toddlers over the age of 2 that eat non-food items consistently have Pica. Some pregnant women and some postpartum women have Pica. Some people suffering from epilepsy, mental retardation, autism, and mental illness get Pica. Pica is most commonly associated with mental retardation. Some of these non-food items include:
- Lead chips
- Laundry starch
- Dish washing soap
- Burnt matches
- Toilet Tissue
A form of pica and is a pathological disorder. This eating disorder is associated with eating and chewing glass. As you can well imagine this is extremely dangerous.
Also a form of Pica. This non-food substance that's eaten involves wood. Items associated with xylophagia are the consumption pencils, paper, tree bark and other wood items.
People suffering with Trichophagia compulsively eat hair. Eating hair can cause indigestion and stomach pain. Most people who suffer from this disorder pull their own hair out and eat it.
A hair pulling disorder. Anyone who suffers from this disorder uncontrollably pulls their hair out. Hair is pulled from the head, eyebrows and other areas of the body. There are mild and more severe forms of trichotillomania. Some people have bald spots from their uncontrollable hair pulling.
Many people are obsessed with shopping and actually go into debt because of their compulsive behavior. They're mentally addicted to shopping and will buy things they don't even need and will probably never even use. They feel anxious sometimes until they purchase something which for the moment makes them feel better.
People who suffer from addiction to drugs and alcohol many times also have other disorders, obsessions or addictions. Many workaholics have problems with alcohol or misuse stimulants or other substances. Some people obsessed with cosmetic surgery misuse painkillers and become addicted to them. We also know that many people that are addicted to drugs or alcohol also suffer from bipolar disorder, depression, or anxiety disorder.
Treatment for Mental Disorders
There are forms of treatment that are beneficial for workaholics, people who suffer from various forms of mental disorders, and for people who suffer from compulsive and obsessive behavior. It's always important to have a complete medical checkup done periodically and especially if you're suffering from depression or mental disorders. Therapy can be very beneficial for people suffering from Addiction, Depression, Anxiety, Obsessive Behavior and Eating Disorders.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
This form of therapy is also referred to as CBT and is very beneficial for many psychological problems many people suffer from. CBT helps a person to change behaviors, feelings, and thinking habits that are unhealthy. Most people begin to see results immediately, changing their unhealthy feelings, thinking, and behaviors to positive, helpful, healthy ones.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is also used in many drug and alcohol rehabilitation treatment programs with positive results. CBT is helpful in many areas which include Posttraumatic stress disorder, self-esteem issues, anger problems, anxiety, phobias, obsessive compulsive disorder, depression, hypochondria, substance abuse, smoking addiction, eating disorders, sleep problems like insomnia, and much more.
It doesn't matter if our unhealthy way of thinking or behavior was learned or through life we adapted them by ourselves, changing the way we think and feel isn't easy. CBT helps us to recognize our unhealthy behavior and thinking, understand where they started, see the need to change them, and gives us the tools to do so.