Bupropion is an antidepressant medication that's used to treat various medical conditions and also used to help a person stop smoking. The way bupropion works is by increasing certain types of activity in the brain. Antidepressants don't cure depression but they help to reduce the patient's symptoms. Antidepressants aren't usually abused but they're commonly prescribed today and bupropion is among the medications used by a lot of people for various reasons.
Disorders Doctors Treat with Bupropion
- Seasonal Affective Disorder
- ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
- Bipolar Disorder
- Smoking cessation
Brand Names for Bupropion Medications
- Aplenzin: Aplenzin is a medication that's used to treat certain types of depression in adults which also includes seasonal affective disorder.
- Wellbutrin: Wellbutrin is used to treat Major Depressive Disorder (major depression) and Seasonal Affective Disorder. Seasonal Affective Disorder is a type of depression that occurs in the fall and winter each year that may people suffer from.
- Wellbutrin SR: Wellbutrin SR is used to treat depression and comes in a sustained release long acting form, meaning the medication is released into the system slowly over a period of time.
- Wellbutrin XL: Wellbutrin XL is used to treat depression and is an extended release long acting formula, which means the medication is slowly released over time. Wellbutrin EX may also be used for treating Seasonal Affective Disorder.
- Zyban: Zyban is an antidepressant medication that's been found to be helpful for smoking cessation. Zyban helps to reduce cravings and other symptoms of withdrawal when a person stops smoking.
Bupropion isn't normally abused but often antidepressants are taken for extended periods of time and if a person forgets to take their dose after long term use or if they discontinue their medication suddenly, withdrawal symptoms can be experienced. The withdrawal symptoms from bupropion dependence are also referred to as 'antidepressant discontinuation syndrome' sometimes.
Bupropion Withdrawal Symptoms
- Balance Issues
- Blurred Vision
- Crying Spells
- Flu-like Symptoms
- Impaired Speech
- Worsened Depression
Even though bupropion antidepressant medications aren't commonly abused some people do crush and snort them or ingest larger amounts than recommended for the intentions of getting high. There are also people that take medications belonging to family members or friends in order to 'self-medicate' instead of seeking help from a medical professional. Abusing antidepressants is dangerous but taking someone else's medication can be equally as dangerous.
There are other medications that can affect bupropion, important information patient's need to know about the drug and certain medical conditions that this medication should not be taken with such as epilepsy, seizures, or an eating disorder as well as other conditions. There are also serious side effects associated with bupropion which need to be taken into consideration too. Abusing bupropion can be dangerous and not an antidepressant medication that should ever be misused.
Side Effects Associated With Bupropion
Serious side effects include seizures, rapid heartbeat, fever, swollen glands, rash, itching, joint pain, general ill feeling, confusion, problems with concentration, hallucinations, unusual thoughts or behavior, severe skin reaction, fever, sore throat, swelling (face or tongue), burning in the eyes, skin pain. For more in-depth information regarding bupropion serious side effects go to drugs.com.
Less serious side effects associated with bupropion include:
- Muscle pain
- Ringing in the ears
- Loss of interest in sex
- Increased sweating
- Increased urination
- Appetite changes
- Weight loss
- Weight gain
- Dry mouth
- Stomach pain
- Mild itching
- Skin rash
- Sore throat
Avoid Bupropion Withdrawal Symptoms
After extended long term use of bupropion medications a person should never abruptly stop taking their medication on their own because this can lead to mental and physical symptoms of withdrawal. Your physician will help you safely stop taking bupropion in order to avoid withdrawal. Individuals that have abused bupropion for non-medical reasons for an extended period of time should receive medical help before they suddenly stop their use.
Another safe way to detox from bupropion is in a substance medical drug detoxification program. Experienced medical professionals oversee the patient's detoxification process and help them to manage negative symptoms of withdrawal. Most patients detox comfortably from bupropion in around a week.