Methylin is another drug that can be used to treat ADHD and other conditions. It comes in tablets of 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg strength.
It also comes in an extended-release form. These are also tablets and are available in strengths of 10 mg and 20 mg. The tablets can be swallowed whole or chewed.
In addition, Methylin comes in a liquid form. This makes it easy for young children or adults who have problems swallowing tablets, even chewable ones, to take the medication. It also comes in capsule form; this form provides an extended-release dosage, as does an extended-release tablet.
Methylin is the brand name for Methylphenidate Hydrochloride. This drug is classed in the Stimulants category, and works on the central nervous system.
Why Is Methylin Prescribed?
Methylin is prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as well as a condition known as Narcolepsy. A person suffering from Narcolepsy may experience sudden episodes of sleep during the daytime, even after having had plentiful sleep the night before. These episodes can occur with no warning, and may last for quite some time. A person has no control over these episodes, which can make them extremely dangerous.
ADHD is a condition which causes over-excitability, difficulty in concentrating, inattention, and other symptoms in children and adults. When it first began to be diagnosed, names such as Minimal Brain Dysfunction in Children, Hyperkinetic Child Syndrome, Minimal Brain Damage, and Minor Cerebral Dysfunction were given to this condition.
Some of these names were, in effect, a mis diagnosis, while others acted more as a "label" rather than an indication of a disorder. For these and other reasons, the term "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder", ADHD for short, began to be used more frequently. It not only provided a better description of this condition, but also did not "label" a person, especially a child, with this problem.
Statistics Relating To Methylin
As mentioned earlier, Methylin acts as a stimulant, and the active ingredient, Methylphenidate Hydrochloride can be addictive, especially when taken in too high of a dosage or too frequently. There have been increasing reports of Methylin being used by college students, young adults, or those who have not been diagnosed with ADHD or Narcolepsy.
According to addiction recovery specialists, some of the reasons given for Methylin being used for non-medical reasons, especially by college students, are because it can actually increase one's ability to concentrate and focus, making it easier for them to comprehend and retain what they have learned in their college classes. When young adults were asked why they would abuse Methylin, their reply was that it gave them more stamina, thus making it possible for them to work longer or accomplish more during the course of a day.
According to addiction recovery specialists, the total number of people who abused Methylin by taking it for a non-medical reason for 2006 and 2007 was 211,000 and 191,000 respectively. Of this total for these years, 27,000 and 25,000 were age 12-17. 71,000 people in 2006 and 66,000 were in the age group that included ages 18-25; 184,000 and 175,000 were in the 26 and above age for those years, respectively.
How Is Methylin Abused?
Methylin is abused when it is taken by someone who has not been diagnosed with ADHD or Narcolepsy, and has no other medical reason to take this drug. Abuse also occurs when too much of the drug is taken or the drug is taken more often than is prescribed.
One would wonder why, if someone with ADHD, which manifests itself in constant fidgeting and moving about, excessive talking, unable to "tune out" noises or activity which does not involve the person, and other issues, would be given a stimulant. Methylin actually works on the central nervous central, and allows the proper signals to be transmitted or received so that specific actions can occur. In addition, it inhibits the transmission or receiving of "unnecessary" signals.
However, it should be mentioned that even in the proper dosages, it is possible for Methylin to affect the body in ways other than controlling symptoms of ADHD or Narcolepsy. If a person has been diagnosed with a psychotic disorder such as Bi-polar Disorder or Depression, Methylin can actually make these symptoms worse.
Methylin Abuse Treatment Options
Behavior therapy and changes in one's social environment (especially where children are concerned) may be implemented along with the giving of the medication. Changes in the social environment can include establishing a more structured schedule and being consistent with discipline, so that the child knows what specific behavior is expected.
A drug rehab center is the most successful treatment option as the best can help fight one's prescription drug addiction and teach life lessons that will help patients survive the urge to use again.