The Effects of Adderall Use and Abuse


The Effects of Adderall Use and Abuse

The prescription medication Adderall, is a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine which belong to the group of medicines called central nervous system stimulants. Most commonly, Adderall is used in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder known as ADHD but can also be used to treat narcolepsy and other conditions.


What is ADHD and Narcolepsy?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a common neurobehavioral disorder that commonly begins in childhood and narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that causes an uncontrollable desire for sleep or sudden attacks of deep sleep.

How Does Adderall Help With ADHD and Narcolepsy?

Under a physician's care, stimulant medications like Adderall can help reduce symptoms of ADHD such as hyperactivity and impulsiveness helping the individual to concentrate and focus better. Adderall can help individuals with narcolepsy stay awake during the daytime.

Prescription Stimulant Misuse

Prescription stimulants are a class of drugs that enhance brain activity, they have been misused for both performance enhancement and also for recreational purposes for example, to get 'high'. For the performance enhancement effects, stimulants suppress the appetite so they're misused to facilitate weight loss, to increase wakefulness and increase attention and focus as a study aid.

How is Adderall Abused?

Adderall is among the commonly misused and abused prescription drugs in this country among our youth. The medication can create feelings of euphoria when it's used inappropriately. When Adderall is taken in doses and routes other than prescribed by a physician, it can induce a rapid rise in dopamine in the brain producing euphoria.

For the purpose of getting high, some people crush the medication and then snort the powder or take a large dose orally. Some abusers of Adderall dissolve the tablets in water and inject the mixture. Complications from this method of misuse can arise because insoluble fibers in the tablets can block small blood vessels.

Nonmedical use of Adderall as a Study Aid

Adderall is commonly abused among students that don't have ADHD because they feel it helps them perform better in school. The prescription stimulant Adderall is commonly abused among college students as a study aid to help them stay awake so they can study, make better grades and cram for exams. The abuse of Adderall is rising among college students in the United States and they're even "tweeting about it" according to a Science Daily report.

Is Adderall Addictive?

Yes Adderall can be habit forming that's just one of the many reasons the prescription stimulant medication should never be misused or abused. Used improperly, stimulants like Adderall could lead to dependence but these medications can also have negative side effects such as:

  • Nervousness
  • Insomnia
  • Cardiovascular problems
  • Psychiatric problems

Stimulant Effects

There's a reason prescription drugs are intended to be taken under the direction of a physician, if they're used improperly they can be very dangerous. Adderall and other prescription stimulants can have an adverse effect on your health when they're abused especially in high doses because they can:

  • Increase blood pressure
  • Cause an irregular heart beat
  • Raise body temperature
  • Decrease sleep
  • Cardiovascular failure or seizures are also a possibility when stimulants are used in high doses

Stimulants also suppress appetite which could lead to malnutrition if they're misused. When prescription stimulants are abused in high doses it can lead to serious cardiovascular complications including stroke. If stimulants are abused chronically withdrawal symptoms including fatigue, depression, disturbed sleep and changes in heart rhythm could emerge after discontinuing use.

Adderall Street Names

  • Beans
  • Black Beauties
  • Dexies
  • Pep Pills
  • Speed
  • Uppers
  • Xmas Trees
  • Beanies
  • Double Trouble
  • Skippy
  • The Smart Drug
  • Vitamin R
  • Bennies
  • Roses
  • Hearts

References
Teens.Drug Abuse.Gov
National Institute on Drug Abuse

Topic Discussion

  1. Addict

    Unfortunately people underestimate just how addictive stimulants like Adderall are. Dopamine is a powerful neurotransmitter that other stimulants don't produce at such a high rate which is why I think drugs like Adderall can be lead to dependence. My personal experience with addiction was that just as much as drugs are part of it is the psychological state of the person taking the drugs are also is powerful component.

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