Valium is a brand name for a prescription medication known as Diazepam, which is a generic Benzodiazepine. There are a number of other types of Benzodiazepine medications as well such as Alpax, Alzolam, Pharnax and Tafil.
Valium is an anti-anxiety medication used to treat anxiety disorders as well as occasional feelings of anxiety.
Valium tablets come in three different dosage strengths, which are 0.2 mg, 5 mg and 10 mg. There is also a Valium injectable version that is designed to be used intravenously, and it should never be administered either subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Valium tablets are designed in ordered to be swallowed in their whole form. There are inappropriate uses for Valium including snorting the drug. The reason why someone might snort Valium is to minimize the effects that come with street drugs like cocaine.
Valium falls into the class of anti-anxiety agents and is considered to be a Schedule IV drug by the DEA's Controlled Substances Act.
Why is Valium Prescribed
Valium is primarily prescribed for treating anxiety disorders as well as to create a short term amount of relief for symptoms that are associated with anxiety or anxiety disorders. Valium may also actually be prescribed for the relief of symptoms pertaining to acute alcohol withdrawal as well as a number of other indications depending on the patient and the physician. Valium is sometimes prescribed for treatmenting athetosis which is involuntary hand movement as well as skeletal muscle spasms, the relaxation of tight and aching muscles as well as to treat Epilepsy and other convulsive disorders as well.
Statistics Relating to Valium According to statistics from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, as many as between 10 and 22 percent of all car accidents involve a driver who is under the influence of some drug, and Valium is a common culprit. The potential for abuse of Valium is high, and this medication may cause either a physical dependence on the drug or an abuse problem when it is taken over long periods of time. Not only is Valium commonly abused by people that carry prescriptions for the medication, but it is also frequently abused by individuals that do not have permission to take the medication but that acquire it illegally on the street.
How is Valium Abused
Valium is a drug that finds its way onto the streets, often purchased by people that do not have a prescription for it. There are a number of different street names for this drug, which is popular on the streets because it is an anxiety-reducing agent that is capable of giving a euphoric and relaxed feeling, including but not limited to downers, candy, tranks and sleeping pills. Abuse of Valium can be described as any use of the medication that goes against the recommendations of a physician, including using the drug without a prescription. Valium abuse is common on the street as virtually anyone can buy it without actually having a medical need for the medication.
One of the biggest problems with Valium abuse is that when you develop a physical dependency, you can experience withdrawal symptoms when you do not have any in your system. Some of the symptoms associated with withdrawal from Valium include dysphoria as well as insomnia, especially with abrupt discontinuance of the drug.
The way that Valium works is by acting on GABA receptors in the brain, causing the brain to release GABA, a neurotransmitter in the brain. As the use of Valium increases, so does the increase of GABA activity in the brain, which creates a calming or sedative effect. Typically the results that are felt include a relaxation of the muscles, a decrease in feelings of anxiety, induction of feelings of sleepiness and an overall calming effect.
Valium Abuse Treatment Options
There are a wide variety of different treatment options available for treating an addiction to Valium The key is to work with a licensed drug rehab center that is going to provide not only a physical solution to rehab but an emotional solution as well. A professional drug rehab center is going to provide the opportunity to overcome the physical aspects of the addiction such as physical withdrawal and dependency as well as the emotional aspects through the forming of healthy habits and through behavioral training. You cannot have one part of the treatment without the other. Both of these forms of treatment are essential in overcoming a drug abuse problem and preventing the potential for re occurrence.