Prescription drugs are medications that doctors prescribe to patients after the patient has visited the doctor's office looking for help with a sickness or ailment the patient thinks that they may have. Most often the patient will shows signs of symptoms that lead them to believe that they are sick, in pain, or under some type of stress that requires a prescription medication in order to alleviate the symptoms that have been disruptive towards the person's normal life functions.
Most people take medicines only for the reasons their doctors prescribe them. But about 20% of this nation's population has abused prescription medications for recreational use or non-medical reasons. This is called prescription drug abuse.
Prescription drug abuse is a serious, sad and deadly epidemic in the United States today. Abusing prescription drugs may lead to a serious addiction or dependency problem. A person may develop an addiction to prescription pain killers, prescription anti-depressant or anti-anxiety drugs, and also prescription stimulants.
Types of Prescription Drugs
There is an abundance of prescription drugs available to the American public. Either sold on the black market by street dealers or legitimately prescribed by a physician, prescriptions drugs are easily available. Here are a few of the most commonly abused and most addictive forms of prescriptions drugs today.
Oxycontin - Also known by its generic name Oxycodone, is a long acting opioid pain reliever. It is a narcotic drug and is considered to be a Schedule II controlled substance in the United States. Oxycontin is used to treat moderate to severe pain. This drug produces a number of effects including pain relief, cough suppression, a slowing of the digestive tract and physical dependence.
Oxycontin is a highly addictive and very commonly abused drug. It is abused mainly for its euphoric, mental relaxation effects and general feelings of well-being. Misuse of this drug in high doses may cause extreme euphoria and hallucinations along with a" heroin like" high. Over time abusers and addicts will develop a physical dependence to this drug.
Percocet - Is a narcotic pain killer and is a combination of both Oxycodone and Acetaminophen. Percocet is prescribed to treat the symptoms of moderate to severe short term (acute) pain. Often time being prescribed for patients with bone injuries, dental procedures, and after surgery. It can also be prescribed for people going through a healing process. Percocet is abused in many ways.
Commonly a person who is prescribed Percocet legitimately may develop a psychological dependence to this drug. They may also develop a tolerance for it causing them to take much more than the normal dose. In high doses Percocet may cause a person to feel "high "or euphoric. It gives an abuser a drunk like feeling, and a sense of well-being, relaxation and calmness. Percocet is a synthetic opioid drug and can give a similar effect to abusers as heroin. Severe abusers "freebase" or" chase" this drug by smoking the pills off of tinfoil. This gives abusers an intense high upon initial use.
Percocet Can Be Known as a Gateway Drug to Heroin
Valium - Also commonly known by its generic name Diazepam, is a prescription medication used for treating symptoms of anxiety, acute alcohol withdrawal and seizures. Valium belongs to a class of medications called Benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines work on the central nervous system to help produce a calming effect. Valium is primarily prescribed for the treatment of short term anxiety disorder.
As with most Benzodiazepine drugs such as Xanax, Valium does have the potential for abuse and addiction. Valium addiction is more likely if the medicine has been taken daily in high doses over a long period of time. It is also more likely in people with a history of alcohol or drug addiction. Mixing Valium with drugs and alcohol can be very dangerous. It can produce dangerous side effects and possible death if overdose occurs.
These are just a few of the most popular prescription drugs that are most commonly abused. If you think you have an addiction to any prescription drug including these listed above or any other drug there is treatment available to help get an individual off of the drug and on a healthy path to recovery.
Prescription Drug Detox
Some people who have an addiction to prescription medication will experience withdrawal symptoms if they abruptly discontinue its use. These withdrawal symptoms can be severe for long time users of prescription medications. If an individual wishes to stop using the drug, and is having problems doing, so because of the severe withdrawal they are experiencing, medical detox may be a good option for them. Medical detox is the best way to rid your body from the unwanted toxins of drug and alcohol abuse. It is the first step towards a healthy recovery. Detox can be performed at your local hospital or at a rehabilitation facility.
Prescription Drug Abuse Treatment
After a complete medical detox preformed at a rehabilitation facility or medical establishment, a patient suffering from an addiction to prescription medication should choose to get help at an in-patient rehab center. Patients at the rehabilitation center will be provided with psychological counseling and therapy which is essential for a drug abuser. In therapy, a psychologist specifically trained in the detoxification process for prescription drug users will be there to attend to the patient needs. Rehabilitation gives the person the tools they need to enjoy their new way of life.