Zoloft is also known as Sertraline hydrochloride, and it is an SSRI or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that is intended for administration by mouth.
It comes in the form of a scored tablet that contains sertraline hydrochloride in 25 mg, 50 mg and 100 mg dosage amounts along with a number of inactive ingredients.
Some of the inactive ingredients in this medication include dibasic calcium phosphate dehydrate, hydroxypropyl cellulose and magnesium stearate as well as titanium dioxide.
Zoloft is classified as being an SSRI or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, which makes it a type of anti-depressant medication. It is a white crystalline powder in its natural form, and it is slightly water soluble, slightly isopropyl alcohol soluble and sparingly ethanol soluble.
Why is Zoloft Prescribed?
A number of clinical trials have been held to better understand the effectiveness of Zoloft in certain mood disorders, including but not limited to Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or OCD, Panic Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder. Zoloft has been shown to be effective in treating all of these disorders, but the key is often to make sure that the right amount of this medication is being administered in order for it to benefit the user. Use of Zoloft is indicated for all of the aforementioned psychological disorders, though it has a tendency to be more effective for some than others.
Each of these psychological disorders presents with different symptoms and its own specific problems. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder all involve anxiety or feelings of panic, while Major Depressive Disorder and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder for example present with depression or moodiness more than actual feelings of anxiety. Zoloft is capable of regulating the mood swings and feelings of anxiety that present in all of these disorders simply by regulating or blocking the reuptake of serotonin in the brain.
Statistics Relating to Zoloft
According to statistics from the World Health Organization, as many as 60 percent of individuals using antidepressant medications, tranquilizers or sleeping pills experience adverse effects as well as withdrawal symptoms after only two to four weeks of regular use, and this includes individuals that are taking the drugs as prescribed for therapeutic use. 40% of all impaired drivers were taking a prescription medication that impaired their ability on the road.
How is Zoloft Abused
Most of the people who are abusing Zoloft or addicted to Zoloft originally began taking the drug as directed by a physician for a real psychological condition. Unfortunately, as time goes on, the body can develop a physical tolerance and dependence on the drug, and the patient feels required to take more of the drug than before to achieve the same feelings that they experienced before. This is the most common cause of Zoloft abuse and addiction.
Zoloft abuse comes in many forms, including taking more than directed, taking higher dosages than directed, taking the drug more often than directed or taking it for a longer period of time than is directed. Some people take Zoloft abuse to the next level by crushing the tablets up and snorting them through the nose, or dissolving them in water and attempting to inject them intravenously. Unfortunately, actions such as these can cause an overdose of the drug, and can cause other unintended side effects which is why Zoloft is only meant to be taken whole by mouth.
The basic mechanism of action for Zoloft is that it inhibits the CNS neuronal uptake of a chemical in the brain known as serotonin. By blocking serotonin uptake to the human platelets, it can have an impact on mood and can reduce depression.
Zoloft Abuse Treatment Options
There are two parts to a recovery from Zoloft addiction or abuse, and the best way to get help is through a licensed drug addiction rehabilitation facility.
The first step is to get all traces of the drug out of the system while attempting to deal with physical withdrawal symptoms. Once the drug is no longer in the body in any form, the next step is to use cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT and the development of new, healthy habits in order to eliminate the emotional and psychological aspects of the addiction. The best way to eliminate an addiction to Zoloft is to slowly wean yourself off of the drug, taking less and less until it is no longer in your system.