What is Crack and Crack Cocaine?


What is Crack and Crack Cocaine?

Crack/cocaine is a highly addictive and powerful stimulant illegal drug that is made from cooking down cocaine with added chemicals such as baking soda to form a rock like substance that can be smoked in order to "get high". Crack is usually smoked through a glass pipe or aluminum can. Crack's appearance is in small off-white nuggets with jagged edges, and the name "crack" is derived from the crackling sound it makes when smoked.


Crack is nearly always smoked. Smoking crack cocaine delivers large quantities of the drug to the lungs, producing an immediate and intense euphoric effect.

Crack is the freebase form of cocaine. Crack emerged as a drug of abuse in the mid-1980s mostly in urban cities like New York, Miami and Los Angeles. Crack cocaine developed its high popularity in impoverished inner cities because of its low cost and the speedy onset of the drugs euphoric effect. Crack cocaine is a Schedule II substance under the Controlled Substances Act.

Schedule II drugs have a high potential for abuse. Abuse of these drugs may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. When a person smokes crack cocaine, they almost always become immediately addicted. Even if they just smoked it for the first time, they will always need more and more of it to obtain that first initial high. Drug addicts desperate for a "fix" will often lie, cheat and steal in order to get what they need. Crack is known to be the most addicting illicit drug available, destroying people's lives, families and occupations.

Crack Cocaine Effects on the body

Addiction to crack cocaine is characterized by an intense craving, which can only be satisfied by more and more drugs. Addicts develop a physical and psychological dependence to the drug and feel that they are unable to function normally without it. Crack cocaine has many negative effects on the human body. After inhaling the smoke of crack cocaine, a person will experience a rapid increase in heart rate and blood pressure. This illegal drug stimulates the normal actions of your central nervous system and can cause a person to feel unusually energetic, anxious or restless. Heart-related effects on the body due to crack cocaine use can cause sensations of euphoria, dizziness or headache. A person may also develop a significant decrease in appetite and may experience an unhealthy weight loss with repeated use of crack cocaine.

Crack cocaine will cause elevations in heart rate and blood pressure, and will increase an individual's risk of experiencing a heart attack or muscle convulsions because of crack cocaine abuse. The psychological effects of crack cocaine are negative as well. The use of crack cocaine during a binge (when the drug is smoked repeatedly and at increasingly high doses) will lead to an increased state of irritability, restlessness, and paranoia. The result of binging on crack cocaine for a few days may bring on a full-blown paranoid psychosis. This means that the individual can lose touch with reality and experiences auditory and visual hallucinations. Over time crack cocaine can result in heart and respiratory problems, heart attacks, and ultimately, death.

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