The synthetic drug Ecstasy, also known as Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), is chemically similar to methamphetamine and mescaline. The drug is an illegal drug that is also referred to as XTC, Adam, XTC and the love drug. The drug works within the brain and is a stimulant as well as a psychedelic. The effects of Ecstasy include high energy, distortion of time as well as an increase of desire for and enjoyment of most tactile experiences.
Users of Ecstasy may show signs such as muscle tension, nausea, clenching of the teeth without control, blurred vision, chills and sweating.
Long term and continued use of Ecstasy can cause heart failure, liver failure, kidney damage and death. Ecstasy can affect the body's ability to regulate its temperature potentially causing the body to go suffer from hypothermia. The damage done by Ecstasy can be seen as early as a few weeks after the start of continued use. The drug can also have damaging effects on the body even days after use of the drug has stopped. The use of Ecstasy can also cause long term damage with memory and brain function resulting in anxiety and mental distortion. In 2010, the use of Ecstasy among individuals aged 12 and older in the United States was approximately 695,000.
How is Ecstasy Abused?
The most common way that Ecstasy is abused is in the club scene. People take Ecstasy at raves and similar gatherings. There is an entire culture surrounding the abuse of Ecstasy. Ecstasy is a "designer drug" also known as MDMA, Adam, XTC and various other street names. It is a synthetic mind altering drug with properties similar to amphetamines and hallucinogenics. The chemical structure of Ecstasy can be compared to MDA and methamphetamine. These synthetic drugs have been known to cause brain damage.
Typically, Ecstasy is taken most often in pill form and swallowed. However, it can also be taken as a powder, which is either snorted or smoked. Only rarely is it injected. The effects of Ecstasy last around four to six hours. People taking Ecstasy refer to it as "rolling" and experience feelings of happiness, empathy, total relaxation and removes any feelings of anxiety. It's also said to remove the desire to eat, sleep or drink, although most experienced Ecstasy users do tend to always have bottles of water on hand for a night of partying. This is a good thing because, otherwise, they can become severely dehydrated. When they come down from the effects of the drug, they are usually exhausted due to the ability to stay up for days when taking it.
Generally, Ecstasy is abused through simply taking it all the time. Hardcore users will take more and more doses if they're trying to stay up all weekend to party. Some even mix it will a tablet of LSD and experience what is known as "trolling," as a slang combination of "rolling" and "tripping." This can be a lethal combination.
The biggest danger with Ecstasy is that it's made of various ingredients and the users rarely know exactly what is in the pill they take.