“Any betting or wagering, for self or others, whether for money or not, no matter how slight or insignificant, where the outcome is uncertain or depends upon chance or 'skill' constitutes gambling.”...Gamblers Anonymous
Introduction Slot machines, black jack, lotto, the pool table, horse racing, lotto and going to casinos are for the majority of individuals a fun, harmless,...
OxyContin is an opioid agonist first introduced in 1995. It is a Schedule 11 controlled drug used in the treatment of severe pain disorders. OxyContin is a long acting formulation of oxycodone, the medication's active ingredient. Today, various formulations of oxycontin are available.
The drug is a powerful pain killer and widely used in clinical medicine. However,...
Hydrocodone is a semi synthetic opioid (narcotic) derived from two of the naturally occurring opiates, codeine and thebaine. Hydrocodone is prescribed for the relief of moderate to moderately severe pain. It is taken orally as an active narcotic analgesic (pain killer) and an antitussive (cough suppressant). The pain relief by hydrocodone is thought to involve peripheral and central actions but...Read Full Article
Oxycodone is a strong opioid analgesic (pain killer) drug with a high potential to cause physical and psychological dependence. Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic opioid made from the alkaloid, thebaine. It is very similar to codeine in structure and actions. The agent has been around for more than 70 years in Europe but because of the addiction and abuse potential, the drug never became popular until...Read Full Article
Opiate addiction is recognized as a central nervous system disorder, caused by continuous opiate intake. Using opiate for extended periods of time can cause the nerve cells in the brain to stop functioning normally and stop producing natural endorphins. Since the body is receiving opiates and is no longer producing natural endorphins the nerve cells start to degenerate and become physical...Read Full Article
There have been substantial advances when it comes to understanding the biochemical and genetic basis for substance abuse and addiction over the past ten years. In spite of this knowledge very little information is disseminated in regards to alternative forms of detox treatment.
One form of alternative treatment is rapid detox and is a viable alternative for certain patients. Rapid...
Since the 1960s, many addicts have reported that even a single dose of ibogaine, a hallucinogenic alkaloid extracted from the root of an African shrub, helps them kick their habit by reducing their cravings for drugs. There is hard evidence to back these claims, as well.
Ibogaine was first introduced as a potential treatment for opiate addiction by Howard Lotsof, who took the drug in 1962...
Heroin addiction is one of the most difficult addictions to overcome. The heroin abuser ’s nervous system becomes accustomed to accommodating chronic exposure to the drug, which is an opioid. Therefore, during heroin detoxification excruciating withdrawal symptoms are ubiquitous.
Withdrawal symptoms begin within 12 hours of not using and peak after two to four days. The symptoms...
The body’s reaction to the removal of a substance it has become dependent on is called withdrawal. Withdrawal causes craving for more of the substance being removed. The period of time when the body is trying to overcome its addiction is called detoxification (detox). Detox is the first step in overcoming a substance addiction such as drugs or alcohol. Detox is a pertinent step for the...Read Full Article
In 1893, methamphetamine (meth) was first synthesized from ephedrine by Japanese chemist, Nagayoshi Nagai. In 1919, Akira Ogata synthesized crystallized meth by reducing ephedrine using red phosphorous and iodine. In the 1950s, Pharmacology and Therapeutics reported legal prescriptions of methamphetamine given to the American public for the treatment of narcolepsy, post-encephalitic Parkinsonism,...Read Full Article
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