More than a decade ago certain Buprenorphine products were approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in treating opiate addiction. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), buprenorphine is an opioid partial agonist, meaning even though buprenorphine is an opiate and can produce typical side effects like euphoria and respiratory depression, the greatest effects are fewer than those of full agonists like heroin and methadone.
Even though buprenorphine can effectively assist individuals in their recovery from opiate addiction, it can be misused. Buprenorphine was designed to be taken at low doses and produced adequate effects to enable individuals addicted to opioids the ability to discontinue abusing them without having to experience severe withdrawal symptoms.
In the United States, buprenorphine is available as Subutex or Suboxone which is taken to relieve the symptoms opiate abuse causes and is very effective when used appropriately. Even though buprenorphine is intended as a much safer option to methadone it can be misused and abused which unfortunately can lead to dependence.
Buprenorphine was designed to help people struggling with opioid addiction so they could effectively turn their lives around but like many other narcotic medications it's often misused. For example to obtain an immediate euphoric high the tablets can be ground up and then snorted, they're easy to come by also because unfortunately they're obtainable on the black market.
Buprenorphine Use Side Effects and Withdrawal Effects
As with all medications, there are possible Side Effects associated with Buprenorphine which are similar to other opioids and includes nausea, vomiting, and constipation. There are also Withdrawal Effects of Buprenorphine which include:
- Dysphoric mood
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Achy muscles and cramps
- Mild fever
A while back medical research published by the National Institute for Holistic Addiction Studies, they reported that buprenorphine withdrawals effects may include severe depression, severe anxiety and even suicide. Care should always be taken when deciding the safest most appropriate opioid addiction treatment program for these reasons.
Common Brand Name Opioids
Signs and Symptoms of Opioid Drug Abuse
- Depression or a depressed affect
- Low blood pressure
- Drowsiness or complaining of being tired or even an inability to stay awake
Opioid Street Terms
- Hillbilly heroin
- Happy Pills
- Purple drink