So far we have seen that addiction is a complex subject that encompasses the fields of genetics and neurophysiology. Neurochemistry also plays a very significant role in addiction.
Some of the newer psychopharmacological and physical aversion approaches to address addiction at the neurochemical and physiological level include:
- Naltrexone is an antagonist to the mu-opioid receptors and interrupts the brains reward system.
- Disulfiram, also known as antibuse, irreversibly inhibits aldehyde dehydrogenase and if alcohol is drunk while taking Disulfiram violent and painful physical reactions are immediately triggered.