Barbiturates are a type of prescription medication most commonly prescribed to treat the symptoms of depression, anxiety and insomnia. Barbiturates typically produce pleasant effects in the body such as reduced tension and calm. Barbiturates are known as depressant drugs or "downers" because they are often used for a sedative effect and will allow for increased feelings of relaxation, sleepiness, and a decrease in inhibitions.
This drug acts upon the central nervous system, so it is also known as a CNS depressant drug. It can produce feelings of mild sedation or in high doses it will induce total anesthesia. Barbiturates are habit-forming drugs and should not be used on an everyday basis. They can cause depression in high doses and addiction when taken over a long period of time, this depressant drug will kill if taken in a large enough quantity. Accidental overdose can occur quite easily among barbiturate users.
Types of Barbiturates
Barbiturate drugs come is many different types, brands and forms and are prescribed to treat a vast number of different ailments. Although this drug was once widely popular, now the use of Benzodiazepines has superseded the barbiturate drug because of a number of safety issues including accidental overdose and death. Barbiturates are more commonly prescribed for hospitalized patients under medical supervision but can easily be found on the streets for recreational use as well.
One of the most popular barbiturate drugs is called Seconal. Seconal is a prescription medication most commonly prescribed in treating patients with sleep disorders' including insomnia. It is also used to relieve anxiety before surgery. Seconal will help a person who is very nervous about having their surgery done by causing sedation and thus decreasing the patient's anxiety. Seconal is also prescribed as an anticonvulsant therapy in treating patients with epilepsy.
Another popularly prescribed barbiturate drug is Nembutal. Nembutal, also known by its generic name Pentobarbital. It is a short acting barbiturate drug used for treating the symptoms of severe depression and insomnia. It may also be prescribed for treating seizures and preoperative sedation.
These medications come in both pill and liquid injection form. Both forms are considered to be controlled substances and are Schedule II narcotics here in the United States. These drugs are classified as such because of their very high potential for both addiction and abuse.