Ketamine is most often used by veterinarians as an anesthetic on animals. Some pediatricians use it for the same thing on children. Ketamine is a powerful pain reliever that has hallucinogenic component about it. It is often stolen from veterinarian and clinics for these reasons. The drug can be taken intravenously, converted into a powder form and then snorted. The effects of ketamine can be felt nearly immediately upon rejection or within about 15 minutes when snorted.
There is no evidence that the drug is physically addictive but it is psychologically addictive. On the streets the drug is also called Special K.
The body can build up a tolerance to ketamine making it likely that the user will need to keep increasing the dosages to maintain and obtain the same kind of high they once did. The user will eventually find themselves completely unable to get the same high they originally did after continued use. Some ketamine use side effects are:
- Irritability and Mood Changes
There do not appear to be any withdrawal symptoms associated with long term use of ketamine. There are however some notes of poor attention span, restlessness, twitching and tension when a user discontinues the ketamine.
How is Ketamine Abused?
Ketamine is available both in a powder form and a liquid form, and it is mixed with a beverage or you can add it to a smokable material such as tobacco or marijuana. In the powdered form the most common way of taking ketamine is to snort it or to press it into tablets. Ketamine in this manner is also commonly taken with other drugs, such as Ecstasy or MDMA for example. In its liquid form, ketamine is most commonly injected, and its most common method of injection is intramuscularly, which means that it is injected directly into the muscle.
The most common ketamine users and abusers are teenagers as well as young adults. The Drug Abuse Warning Network says that individuals who are aged between 12 and 25 account for as many as 74 percent of all ketamine emergencies in the United States from back in 2000.
A particular concern right now is ketamine use inside of the high school system, and high school students are abusing the drug more now than ever. It is said that nearly 3 percent of all high school seniors in the United States alone have used ketamine at least one time in the past twelve months, at least according to the University of Michigan. Ketamine has a wide variety of different street names and it is referred to as different things depending on who is trying to acquire it and in what manner they are trying to acquire it.